Know How to Spot Colon Cancer by Paying Attention to These Signs

Colon Cancer

In most cases colon cancer impacts the large intestine, starts as a clump of non-cancer cells called adenomatous polyps, which become cancer cells over time. Polyps are manifested through some symptoms so medical professionals suggest regular colon screens in order to identify it in time. It is very important to detect at an earlier stage. If people are educated more about this condition they would have a greater chance of finding cancer early.

What are the causes?

The causes are not clearly understood, but the cancer mainly forms when healthy cells in the colon are damaged. They keep the body function properly. When the cancerous cells form, they go on with their division even though the body has no need of them, thus the buildup leads to tumor creation.

The risk factors

There are risk factors which can increase the odds of one person to get cancer at some point in their lives. These gene mutations can increase the chances of colon cancer.

  • HNPCC or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer – people with this condition are more susceptible to cancer and are likely to develop colon cancer before age 50.
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) – this is a rare condition that makes people develop many polyps along the lining of the colon. If untreated, people will develop cancer before they reach the age of 40 years.
  • Other risk factors include smoking, diabetes, obesity, low fiber and high-fat diet, intestinal problems, being over 50, having a family history of colon cancer, radiation therapy, and Alcohol consumption.

What are the symptoms?

The worst thing about colon cancer is that does not always manifest through some symptoms, but there are some things to keep in mind. The most common symptoms are:

  • Abdominal distension;
  • Abdominal pain;
  • Dark blood in the tool;
  • Changes in bowel movement;
  • Pelvic pain (this is usually associated with late-stage cancer);
  • Loss of appetite;
  • Fatigue;
  • Unexplained weight loss.

How to treat it?

Treatment usually depends on the size and location of the tumor and also on the overall health of the patient. The most common treatment is surgery, but chemotherapy may be another option in order to prolong the life of the person or reduce the occurrence of those at high risk.

Immediately call your doctor in case you notice changes in your health.

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